Risk Assessment

Risk Assessment OverviewRisk Assessment

A suitable and sufficient risk assessment:

  • Means considering those risks that are likely to arise because of work and work activities
  • Should (where appropriate) enable the development and implementation of actions or systems to manage the risk
  • Should be appropriate to the nature of the work
  • Should remain valid for a reasonable period of time

 

This will enable the risk assessment process and the significant findings to be used positively, for instance to change working procedures or to introduce medium to long-term goals.  The risk assessment process is the most important tool for changing the culture of a company as it provides a basis for education and training.

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1. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

The objective of an environmental legal compliance audit aims to determine the level of compliance with respect to general and specific environmental duties, standards an d liabilities (both statutory and common law), and environmental administrative requirements, based on identified environmental risks of the auditee and on current, future and pending law, current technology and global and local environmental trends.

2. SCOPE

Determining the scope of an environmental legal compliance audit will depend on at least four issues:

  1. The identified environmental risks of the audiences
  2. The environmental law having application
  3. The object of concluding the audit, and
  4. The specific needs of the client/auditee.

3. OCCUPATIONAL HYGIENE SURVEY

Occupational hygiene is defined as the science and art devoted to the recognition, evaluation, and control of those environmental factors and stresses, arising in or from the workplace that may cause sickness, impaired health or well-being or significant discomfort and inefficiency among workers.

4. ILLUMINATION (DAY)

The purpose of measuring the light intensities is to establish whether the workplace is lit in accordance with the illuminance values specified in Regulation 3 of the Environmental Regulations for Workplaces, Occupational Health and Safety Act, OHS Act No. 85 of 1993.

5. NOISE

Noise is unwanted, disturbing and/or physiologically damaging sound. Exposure to noise levels equal to or above 85 dB (A) for eight hours can cause hearing loss. Noise induced hearing loss is permanent and incurable. It is for this reason that hearing conservation including noise control, is of vital importance. The first step in any hearing conservation programme is the noise exposure evaluation survey.

6. INDOOR AIR QUALITY

The recognition of health hazards pertaining to airborne particulates in the air, entails the measurement of workers levels of exposure to the related particulates, including proper sampling and analytical procedures.

7. VENTILATION (CO AND CO2 MEASUREMENTS)

Ventilation parameters such as air flow comfort, natural and artificial ventilation, substances in the air which may affect employee’s health, oxygen, carbon dioxide percentages will be established to ensure a healthy workplace.

8. AIR QUALITY

The recognition of health hazards pertaining to airborne particulates in the air, entails the measurement of workers levels of exposure to the related particulates, including proper sampling and analytical procedures.